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Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability and Learning in Emergencies: A Resource Pack for Simple and Strong MEAL

Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability and Learning in Emergencies: A Resource Pack for Simple and Strong MEAL   

This resource pack offers practical advice about how to implement a system for monitoring, evaluation, accountability and learning (MEAL) in emergencies. It provides

  • standards for MEAL in emergencies,
  • an overview of informal and formal monitoring,
  • guidance on how to conduct monitoring and evaluation,
  • ways to use the results to improve programs and
  • checklists, discussion guides, forms and other tools.

Download the PDF (1.5 MB)

What's in the resource pack?

Standards for M&E in Emergencies: Presents standards for M&E in emergencies and explains the count, check, change, communicate approach. Includes good examples of a postdistribution pile-ranking tool and a distribution-monitoring tool.

Progression of Monitoring in an Emergency Response: Graphic shows the progression of information needs and common monitoring methods and tools from the initial emergency response to a more stable situation.

Informal and Formal Monitoring in an Emergency Response: Provides a definition of formal and informal (or context) monitoring and compares the why, when, who, what, how for both types of monitoring.

Sampling during M&E of an Emergency Response: Offers guidance on when and how to sample and when and how to count during an emergency response. Includes definitions of random and purposeful sampling and gives examples of appropriate sampling for postdistribution monitoring and shelter quality checklists.

How to Conduct a Debrief Meeting: Presents good practices for conducting daily or weekly debrief meetings. Includes a suggested outline for documentation of the debrief discussion.

Learning Events in an Emergency Response: Describes different types of learning events—from after-action reviews to real-time evaluations—and includes general guiding questions for a reflection event.

Tool Example: Postdistribution Pile-Ranking Exercise: Collects data to determine the usefulness of nonfood items during an emergency response and collects suggestions for improving nonfood items.

Tool Example: Distribution Monitoring Form with Accountability Questions: Collects feedback from community members on the distribution process and the items provided and determines the level of accountability in the overall response.

Tool Example: Field Officer Shelter Monitoring Form: Checks that houses are built according to the technical standards, collects community feedback and identifies any problems related to the shelter component.

Tool Example: Focus Group Discussion Guide to Evaluate Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Response: Collects qualitative data about the appropriateness of targeting, effectiveness of the behavior change strategy, and overall impact, both positive and negative, of the WASH component.

Publication details

Authors: Dominique Morel and Clara Hagens
Publisher: Catholic Relief Services (2013)
Book: 35 pages
Language: English
Dimensions: 8.27 x 11.69 inches (A4)

Posted on February 16, 2013

Reader Comments (2)

this PDF can not be down loaded. Is there some error.

May 9, 2013 | Unregistered CommenterSyeda Farzana

Syeda, I’m sorry that you’re having trouble. I will e-mail the PDF to you. Please note that you may need Adobe Reader 9 or later, which you can download at

It’s best to view PDFs in Adobe Reader rather than in a browser. To view a PDF in Reader, save the PDF to your desktop by right-clicking on the “Download the PDF” link and choosing “Save Target As” or “Save Link As.” I hope this helps.

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