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Agriculture Education Emergencies Health HIV and AIDS Microfinance Peacebuilding Water and Sanitation

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Best Practices in Water and Sanitation

Short (three-to-nine page) descriptions of best practices and reviews of technology. This document is intended to provide guidance to non-technical CRS program managers and decision makers, and field workers in developing, designing and implementing water, sanitation and hygiene projects. Topics include ecological sanitation, latrine construction, WASH needs assessments, rainwater collection, borehole drilling equipment and irrigating home gardens.

Dennis Warner and Christopher Seremet, 2008

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Water Supply Technologies (WAT)
WAT – 1. Aboveground Sand Dams 3
WAT – 2. Borehole Drilling Equipment 7
WAT – 3. Irrigation of Home Gardens Using Shallow Wells with Foot-Pumps 11
WAT – 4. PlayPumps 13
WAT – 5. Rooftop Rainwater Collection 17
SAN – 1. ArborLoo latrines 21
Hygiene Promotion and Education (HPE)
HPE – 1. Basic Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation (PHAST) Methodology Guide 25
Water Quality and Treatment (WQT)
WQT – 1. PUR Water Disinfection Packets 27
WQT – 2. Solar Water Disinfection (SODIS) 31
Strategies (STR)
STR – Community Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Needs Assessment Questionnaire 33
STR – Formulation of Water and Sanitation Strategies for the Development of a Multi-Year Assistance Program (MYAP) 41

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