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Sep212005

Guidelines for the Development of Small-Scale Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Projects in East Africa

This document constitutes general technical guidelines for the planning and implementation of small-scale water supply and sanitation activities in rural East Africa, which includes both projects funded under the USAID Title II (Food for Peace) Program and projects funded by other donors. It is intended to assist CRS and its partners in improving the effectiveness, environmental protection and long-term sustainability of water and sanitation activities in the rural, and often food-insecure, areas of East Africa.

Dennis Warner and Carmela Green Abate, 2005

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Contents

Foreword 8
 
Part I. Background 9
Introduction 9
The Need for Water Supply and Sanitation 10
The Need for Guidelines 12
USAID Regulations 15
National and International Regulations 16
Indicators and Guideline Statements 17
 
Part II. Guidelines for Water Supply and Sanitation Projects 19
Policy Requirements 19
New Directions in CRS Water Supply and Sanitation Programs 19
Guideline Statements 20
 
Part III. Review and Revision of Guidelines 37
 
Part IV. Project Development Checklist 38
 
Annex A. Core Technical Reference Documents 47
Annex B. Draft USAID Guidelines for Arsenic in Drinking Water 49

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